Flying over the Amazon Rainforest is an experience that will leave you in sheer awe, and will inspire you to better understand and appreciate the importance of this critical Earth ecosystem. Housing over 16,000 different tree species and over 40.000 plant species, the Amazon is the terrestrial "lungs of our planet". It produces 20% of Earth's oxygen while absorbing and storing more carbon dioxide than any other terrestrial ecosystem on our planet. It is home to over 10% of all Earth's known species and 25% of the world's medicinal plants, while producing 25% of the planet's fresh river water. While deforestation in 2012 had been slowed to its lowest point in 25 years due to spirited conservation efforts, it has been on the rise again in recent years, with 2016 seeing a 75% increase in Amazon deforestation from its 2012 level. Overall, more than 20% of the Amazon Rainforest has been destroyed.